The Sanskrit name for ruby means "King of precious gems". This is fitting, as it is not only one of the most sought after gemstones by royalty of the past, but is usually the most valuable colored gemstone, and can often be more valuable than diamonds of equal size.
Rubies have many legends behind them. Burmese warriors (now Myanmar) used to insert pieces of ruby in to their skin because they believed it would make them invincible. Rubies are also mentioned in the bible four times.
Ruby is the birthstone of July and represent love, health, and wisdom. It has been believed that wearing rubies bring good fortune to the wearer.
Ruby, along with its sister stone sapphire, is a variety of the mineral corundum. Corundum colored red is a ruby, while any other color is a sapphire. Corundum is a 9 on the Moh's scale of hardness, making it one of the hardest natural substances on earth. It is second only to diamond. This makes it a great choice for any type of jewelry, including rings and bracelets, which tend to take more wear and tear than other pieces of jewelry.