Garnet is the birthstone for January. When most people think of garnet, they think of earthy reds, but in fact, garnets come in a variety of colors. The reds are just the most common. The rarer garnets include orange spessartine garnet and green tsavorite garnet and demantoid garnet. Demantoid garnets are even more valuable if they have rutile inclusions that have been given the name "horsetail".
Garnets have been found in jewelry dating back to 3000 B.C.. Throughout the years, garnets have adorned pharaohs, kings, and other nobility. Plato had his face engraved on a garnet by a Roman Engraver. Yet the green tsavorite garnet was only first discovered in 1967, making garnet both a historic and new favorite gemstone.
The name "garnet" comes from the Latin word "Garanatus, meaning "seedlike," since they were thought to resemble the seeds of a pomegranate.
Most garnets are 7.5-8 on the Moh's scale of hardness (demantoid is 6.5-7), making them a great gemstone for occasional wear ring, pendant, or earrings.